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Imagine you are at home enjoying a quiet evening with your partner. Suddenly, an argument erupts. You fall over in a fight, and in the course of the exchange, your partner deliberately shoves you. The shock of the impact leaves you with an ache of pain in your arm, a bruised hip, and a sense of being physically and emotionally violated.

This scenario, of a current or former intimate partner’s intentionally causing physical injury, whether temporary or lasting, falls under California Penal Code 273.5. This code recognizes the gravity of domestic violence and is designed to safeguard people from such destructive conduct. Beyond being a mere physical injury, it represents a violation that carries the possibility of legal ramifications.

Understanding the complex legal terminology concerning physical harm can be akin to maneuvering through an intricate maze of laws. This all-inclusive handbook strives to clarify the concept, examine the legal structure of California Penal Code Section 273.5, and provide vital insights, particularly in situations where one may be confronted with such allegations.

It can be confusing to understand what is corporal injury. From a legal standpoint, however, it encompasses any physical damage caused to another individual through the application of force. Consider lacerations, broken bones, strained ligaments, and internal trauma – essentially, any bodily harm caused by illicit force.

Nonetheless, it is crucial to distinguish corporal injury from its adjacent legal concepts:

  • Assault refers[1] to the emphasis on the potential for causing harm, rather than solely on the actual act. For instance, if an individual raises a threatening fist, it is deemed assault, even if no physical contact is made, including assault with a deadly weapon.
  • Battery refers[2] to the illicit physical contact with another individual, regardless of its minimal nature. This encompasses actions such as pushing, striking, or even disturbingly touching someone’s hair without their consent.

The main differentiation lies in the amalgamation of illegal force and subsequent physical damage. The act of forcefully pushing someone[3], causing them to fall and scrape their knee, would be classified as a corporal injury, whereas a push that merely disrupts their balance would not meet the criteria.

In regards to corporal injury, California employs a well-balanced strategy, especially in cases involving domestic battery. PC 273.5[4] specifically targets this matter, introducing an additional dimension to the legal structure.

  • Categorization: In contrast to certain jurisdictions, California organizes corporal injury by considering the level of harm and the surrounding conditions. A minor bruise devoid of any long-term consequences could be classified as a misdemeanor, whereas a fractured bone or internal injury may elevate it to a felony.
  • Burden of Proof: The requirement for the prosecution to establish is not that the victim experienced apprehension of force, but rather to show that force was indeed employed and resulted in physical injury. Consequently, this transfers the responsibility of proving innocence, underscoring the importance of comprehending one’s legal entitlements and plausible defense tactics.

corporal injury8

Corporal injury to a spouse, which means inflicting physical harm upon a spouse or intimate partner, results in substantial legal and personal repercussions.

  • Legal ramifications: The possible outcomes of corporal injury to a spouse have significant scope, especially if the physical injury resulted in a traumatic condition. Monetary fines can span from several hundred to several thousand dollars, accompanied by varying prison terms that range from months to years, contingent on the gravity of the situation. Additional legal consequences may include probation, a protective order for domestic violence offenses, and mandatory counseling, further compounding the repercussions.
  • Long-Term Consequences: The repercussions extend beyond just legal ramifications in a domestic violence case[5]. Having a criminal history or prior convictions can have enduring implications, impacting prospects for future employment[6], choices in housing, and even custody battles concerning children. The emotional distress and societal disapproval attached to such charges may persist long after the legal process has ended.

Defending Against Corporal Injury Charges – PC 273.5

In the event that you are confronted with allegations under PC 273.5, it is important to understand that there are various defense options available to you. Presented below are a few potential tactics that can be considered:

  • Self-defense: In matters of self-defense[7], employing force to protect oneself or others can potentially serve as a legitimate defense. Nevertheless, the responsibility rests upon you to substantiate that it was a justifiable reaction to the imminent danger.
  • Unintentional incident: Establishing the absence of intent through reliable evidence is essential in determining the veracity of the injury. It’s important to note that the lack of intention does not automatically absolve one from responsibility for causing harm.
  • Insufficient evidence: When the prosecution’s case lacks substantial proof, whether in the form of physical force evidence or witness statements, it has the potential to undermine their argument. Seeking guidance from legal counsel can assist in uncovering inconsistencies and constructing a robust defense grounded in factual substantiation.
  • Witness testimonies: Collecting witness testimonies can be of immense value, as they have the potential to validate your account of the events and provide insights into the context surrounding the incident.

Nevertheless, it is imperative to obtain legal advice from a reputable Los Angeles Criminal Defense Attorney[8]. These professionals possess the necessary knowledge, tools, and practical understanding to maneuver the complexities of legal regulations, gather evidence, construct a robust defense plan, and advocate for your interests proficiently in the courtroom.

To Conclude: Seeking assistance and acquiring information

Having a grasp of what is corporal injury provides you with information, however, it is important to note that this manual cannot serve as a substitute for individualized legal counsel. Each case has its own distinct characteristics, and seeking guidance from a qualified lawyer is crucial in order to receive customized advice and ensure effective legal advocacy.

If you or an acquaintance are confronted with accusations, including false accusations pertaining to physical harm, feel free to contact us[9] to promptly seek assistance from a legal professional.

References

  1. https://manshoorylaw.com/blog/what-is-the-difference-between-a-simple-assault-and-an-aggravated-assault-in-california/
  2. https://manshoocom/assault-battery/
  3. https://www.justice.gov/archives/jm/criminal-resource-manual-1610-assault-18-usc-351e
  4. https://leginfo.legislature.ca.gov/faces/codes_displaySection.xhtml?lawCode=PEN&sectionNum=273.5.
  5. https://manshoorylaw.com/blog/the-unintended-consequences-of-domestic-violence-laws/
  6. https://manshoorylaw.com/blog/you-could-lose-your-job-after-a-california-domestic-violence-charge/
  7. https://manshoorylaw.com/blog/california-self-defense-law-legal-definition/
  8. https://manshoorylaw.com/
  9. https://manshoorylaw.com/contact-us/
Douglas Parker