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What Is a Schedule 1 Drug? 

What Is a Schedule 1 Drug? 

The federal law considers a Schedule 1 drug the one that comes with a high potential for addiction and abuse. It’s also a substance that doesn’t have an acceptable safety level to use under medical supervision or accepted medical treatment in the United States at all. Finally, you can’t get a prescription for these drugs.

In this article, we are focusing on discussing the list of Schedule 1 drugs and related Californian law implications. Here is what you should know about using these substances and potential penalties in California!

What Are Drug Classifications?

These are federal drug classifications, which relevant experts designed after serious consideration. Here is the overview of the categories:

  • Schedule 1 substances. We’ll focus on Class 1 drugs in this guide. It’s vital to mention that marijuana has a special status in California, although it belongs in this group.
  • Schedule 2 drugs. Morphine, cocaine, and methadone are in this category. They have a high addiction risk but come with accepted medical use with certain restrictions.
  • Schedule 3 drugs. Codeine, anabolic steroids, and barbiturates are in this class. The US federal law approves medical use, but it can lead to high psychological and moderate physical dependence.
  • Schedule 4 drugs. Xanax and Valium are the most famous examples of these substances, which can lead to limited dependence.
  • Schedule 5 drugs. This class has the lowest risk of abuse or addiction, such as a cough medicine that contains some codeine.

schedule 1 drug

What Is a List of Schedule 1 Drugs?

We already answered the question, “what is a Schedule 1 drug?” These substances come with a high risk of abuse and addiction. Here is a detailed overview of the drugs in this class.


This powder is a highly addictive drug coming from the opium poppy plant. It’s a couple of times more powerful than morphine. You can snort, smoke, or inject it for potential pain relief and a euphoric feeling. Unfortunately, the abusers often aren’t aware of the drug’s actual power, which might be the reason behind overdose cases.


Lysergic acid diethylamide is a full name that most users probably aren’t familiar with at all. It’s a synthetic hallucinogen, which often alters our minds in positive or negative ways. LSD affects your ability to make rational decisions, and you can experience flashbacks or anxiety after using it.


The answer to the question “is marijuana a Schedule 1 drug,” is yes. It’s because you have a high risk of getting addicted. However, Californian law approves cannabis products for both medical and recreational use. There are certain limitations, which are also mentioned in the federal law. For example, the federal regulations mention that cannabis products with a THC quantity of up to 0.3% are legal.


The other name is peyote, and this is another hallucinogen. Unlike LSD that comes from a fungus, this one is derived from a cactus plant. Visual hallucinations and euphoria are what the users experience after taking it. The side effects are vast and include psychosis, tremors, anxiety, and tachycardia.

MDMA or Ecstasy

MDMA is another synthetic drug with psychoactive properties. It’s a hallucinogen that comes with many side effects, especially with consistent use. That includes depression, losing focus, fatigue, etc. High doses of MDMA can lead to hyperthermia, which could cause organ failure.


This is an abbreviation for Gamma-Hydroxybutyrate, which you might also know as the date rape drug. It is a CNS depressant many put in alcoholic drinks. Users experience a sex drive boost and euphoria. However, that also comes with side effects like hallucinations, nausea, sweating, and even coma. GHB has been in the Schedule 1 Drug class since 2000.


If you heard about magic mushrooms, that’s what psilocybin is. This compound comes from mushrooms, and it is a hallucinogen. It can result in a bad trip, which can lead to horrifying experiences after consuming the drug. Although some clinical studies were performed, this is still a Class 1 drug.

Synthetic Marijuana and Analogs

It’s been on the US market since the 2000s. The idea is to duplicate the effect of marijuana, or THC, which causes the psychoactive effect. Synthetic cannabinoids can be harmful and cause tachycardia, hypertension, hallucinations, and anxiety. Some users even reported severe bleeding after taking these compounds.


This is another synthetic that acts as a CNS depressant. It was popular in the US before the DEA outlawed it in 1980. Also known as quaaludes, this drug induces drowsiness and acts as a sedative-hypnotic. This drug comes with a wide range of side effects, which is common for Schedule 1 substances.


These are plant leaves that you can chew. They deliver euphoric and psycho-stimulant effects, which can help to deal with fatigue or as a mood booster. However, there are adverse side effects, such as constipation, CNS, metabolic, and respiratory problems.

Bath Salts

These are not the products you use in the bathroom. Instead, these are synthetic cathinones that can lead to dangerous intoxication. Users resort to them as a cheap replacement for cocaine, but they can lead to severe panic attacks, insomnia, and violent behavior. Bath salts are particularly dangerous in high doses.

Schedule 1 Drug Charge

Why Is Marijuana a Schedule 1 Drug?

If you are wondering “what class drug is a weed in,” the answer is the first. It indicates that marijuana has a high risk of addiction and abuse. However, California law has a special treatment for marijuana.

According to the local regulations, it’s legal to possess up to 28.5 grams of cannabis. That converts to about an ounce of this plant material. The limit for concentrated cannabis is eight grams.

There are some other strict regulations implemented by the Californian law:

  • If you are younger than 21, you can’t possess any amount of marijuana because they risk an infraction.
  • Those who get caught for possession near or in a school will be charged with a misdemeanor.
  • If you possess more than 28.5 grams and you are over 18 years old, that’s an infraction. If you are younger than 18, it’s an infraction.
  • You can’t possess any marijuana in an open package or container or a vehicle. That is an infraction.

What Is the Penalty for a Schedule 1 Drug in California?

Schedule 1 drug penalties are harsher than for lower categories of controlled substances. That’s because these have the highest risk of addiction and abuse. Here is an overview of different situations and potential legal consequences.


Most drug possessions in California end up as misdemeanors. Specific circumstances, such as large drug amounts, can lead to complications and charges of a felony. But how does the law determine you possess those drugs?

The first case is when you have drugs on you. That’s when you exercise direct physical control over the substance, and it’s classified as actual possession. The alternative could be constructive possession, which indicates the drugs were in a place where you can exercise control over them. Let’s say that you were driving a car, and the drugs were in the trunk. It’s somewhere you had access to, which indicates constructive possession.

The possession might not be limited to a single person. If you share it with others, that could indicate joint possession. This is method police often use when discovering who owned the drugs in the first place. If no individual takes the blame, everyone involved gets charges for joint possession.

Selling or Intending to Sell

If you possess a schedule 1 drug with the intent to sell it, the Californian Penal Code considers that a felony. The same applies to other controlled substances. The fines can go up to $20,000, and you could spend up to five years in jail. Your defense could be that the discovery was made during illegal premise searching, or the drugs weren’t yours. A reliable drug crimes attorney can help to come out with an effective defense strategy that can ensure the consequences are as mild as possible.

How do they determine if you have the intent to sell the drug? The usual indicator is you have large quantities of it. However, measurement tools, keeping the drug in small baggies, or having large cash sums can also be among indicators. The more factors implicate you intended to sell the drugs, the more complicated your case is.


The Californian law considers manufacturing drugs that are among controlled substances a felony. You could be facing anywhere from three to seven years for this crime, while the potential fine goes up to $50,000. There’s no need to handle or use drugs to face these charges.

Here is what could increase a potential penalty for manufacturing drugs:

  • A large number of drugs were manufactured.
  • There’s a person under 16 years old in the facility where the drugs were made.
  • The manufacturing process was occurring within 200 feet of a residential property or structure where people spend time.

It gets worse because manufacturing drugs also come with other charges. Those could include selling drugs, but also gang activity, weapon charges, etc. You might be facing a variety of parole requirements, such as drug testing and check-ins with the parole office. If you have an expert criminal defense lawyer in your corner, they might be able to help get the best possible outcome.

What Does the Controlled Substances Act Do?

The idea of the Controlled Substances Act is to group all substances that the federal law regulates in different categories. The United States Drug Enforcement Administration has five different schedules for all substances. The placement of a particular product depends on safety, medical use, and potential for abuse.

Not all substances are a part of this schedule. It’s also possible to remove a compound from control and transfer it between categories. That requires the authorities to follow the DEA procedures for these matters.

Seven Tulare County Residents Face Charges for Welfare Fraud

Seven Tulare County Residents Face Charges for Welfare Fraud

If you have ever lived paycheck to paycheck, as more than half of Americans do, then you know how much estimating, calculating, and budgeting goes on in your everyday life.  Far from being a freebie, government benefits often make life more complicated instead of simpler. 

How many people have struggled to make ends meet; getting a pay raise is bittersweet when your new job doesn’t provide health insurance benefits, but it does make your income too high to qualify for Medicaid.  The emergency benefits provided during the COVID-19 pandemic have undoubtedly saved lives, prevented COVID infections, and kept numerous working parents and their children out of poverty, but they have also caused plenty of confusion.  Do you have to pay back the child tax credit payments that the IRS deposits in your bank account at unpredictable intervals? 

Welfare Fraud

Perhaps the worst thing about public assistance benefits is the number of people who jump at the opportunity to vilify anyone who receives them.  Police, bureaucrats, and busybody neighbors are ready to cry welfare fraud if you make a typo on a benefits application.  If you are facing criminal charges for welfare fraud, contact a Los Angeles welfare fraud defense lawyer.

A $43,000 Mistake?

When filling out tax paperwork or applications for public assistance, there is always a possibility of making errors in calculation or other details on the forms.  If it was an honest mistake, you have an opportunity to correct it.  Intentionally falsifying paperwork in order to receive public benefits to which you are not entitled is welfare fraud, and it is a crime, just as intentionally presenting false information on your income tax returns is the crime of tax fraud.  If the value of the government benefits you received as a direct result of the false statements is less than $950, then welfare fraud is a misdemeanor, but if it is more than $950, it is a felony.

TCDA Bureau of Investigations

An investigation led to the arrest of seven Tulare County residents on suspicion of welfare fraud.  The defendants are as follows:

  • Clarista Aldaco, 26, of Lindsay
  • Gabriela Almanza, 31, of Porterville
  • Erica Enos, 31, of Visalia
  • Lenora Macagbra, 51, of Visalia
  • Violet Pack, 34, of Visalia
  • Rosie Renteria, 26, of Porterville
  • Johnny Vallejo, 26, of Lindsay

The seven defendants allegedly received a total of $43,466 in benefits beyond what they were entitled to receive.  It is unclear how much each defendant received individually, whether these cases are unconnected or whether the defendants are being accused of conspiring with each other to commit welfare fraud.  Like all defendants in criminal cases, these defendants are presumed innocent until proven guilty in a court of law.

Contact the Manshoory Law Group About Welfare Fraud Defense

A Los Angeles criminal defense lawyer can help you if you are being accused of welfare fraud or making false statements on benefits applications.  Your initial consultation is always free, so contact us at the Manshoory Law Group in Los Angeles, California, or call (877)977-7750 to discuss your case.

New Year’s Eve DUI Can Happen to Anyone, Even Celebrities

New Year’s Eve DUI Can Happen to Anyone, Even Celebrities

Every night is a good time to party in Los Angeles, and New Year’s Eve is a time to party anywhere.  Partying does not have to involve motor vehicles, but anyone who has ridden in a car in the City of Angels can attest that nowhere else does the wind in your hair feel quite as magical through a car window or sunroof. 

Therefore, New Year’s Eve in L.A. is a perfect storm for drunk driving.  There is a chance that yours was one of the vehicles whose festivities were interrupted by a traffic stop, and now a DUI court date now looms in your future in early 2022.  It may or may not be of any consolation that David Koechner of Anchorman fame is in the same boat as you are. 

Actor David Koechner

It certainly should be reassuring that no matter who you are, you have the right to representation by an attorney when you are facing charges for any crime, including drunk driving.  If you spent New Year’s Eve regarding the numbers on a breathalyzer with trepidation instead of watching the ball drop in Times Square, contact a Los Angeles DUI defense lawyer.

Life Imitates Art as David Koechner Gets Pulled Over for DUI Before the Sun Even Sets on New Year’s Eve

David Koechner has acted in dozens of film and television roles, but some of his best known, such as Champ Kind in Anchorman and Todd Packer in The Office, are known for their alcohol-fueled misadventures.  On December 31, 2021, the real Koechner was arrested on suspicion of drunk driving.  At around 3:00 p.m. on New Year’s Eve, police got a phone call about someone driving erratically in Simi Valley; the driver had allegedly crashed into a street sign and then left the scene. 

When officers located the vehicle and pulled it over for a traffic stop, the driver turned out to be Koechner. They administered field sobriety tests, including a breathalyzer which allegedly measured Koechner’s blood alcohol content (BAC) at 0.13 percent, which is well above the legal limit of 0.08 percent.

David Koechner arrested on New Year's Eve

According to TMZ, Koechner was booked into jail at about 5:00 p.m., and his vehicle, which had blown out two tires, was towed.  A second breathalyzer test then showed Koechner’s BAC to be 0.12 percent. Koechner was released from jail early in the morning on January 1, and his court date has been set for March 30. He is facing charges for DUI first offense and hit and run.  Like all defendants in criminal cases, Koechner is presumed innocent until proven guilty.

Contact the Manshoory Law Group About DUI and Traffic Crimes Defense

A Los Angeles criminal defense lawyer can help you if you are being accused of driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs or other traffic offenses, such as hit and run.  Your initial consultation is always free, so contact us at the Manshoory Law Group in Los Angeles, California, or call (877)977-7750 to discuss your case.

Redondo Beach Man Could Face Life in Prison for Producing 5,000 Exploitative Images of Minors

Redondo Beach Man Could Face Life in Prison for Producing 5,000 Exploitative Images of Minors

Unlike most crimes, sexual abuse of children has no statute of limitations.  Many children who suffer sexual abuse are afraid to tell anyone what happened until after victims reach adulthood; if they were very young when the abuse happened, then they might not even know until years after the abuse occurred that what the abuser did to them was against the law.  Adult survivors of sexual abuse have the right to testify in cases related to abuse that occurred decades earlier. 

Billy Edward Frederick

In the case of crimes involving producing and transmitting images or videos depicting exploitation of minors, the court might order people who purchased copies of the content many years after it was produced to pay restitution to the people whose abuse is depicted in the images, pursuant to the federal Amy, Vicky, and Andy Child Pornography Victim Assistance Act of 2018.  Meanwhile, the people who record or distribute the images can face long prison sentences.  To find out more, contact a Los Angeles child pornography lawyer.

Defendant Confesses to Soliciting 35 Preteens Online

In September 2021, Billy Edward Frederick of Redondo Beach pleaded guilty to possession of child pornography and enticement of a minor to engage in criminal sexual activity, according to a press release by the Department of Justice.  He was arrested following an investigation that discovered 5,000 images and videos in his Google account of minors engaged in sexual acts. 

The victims appeared to be between the ages of 11 and 14.  Frederick confessed that he would record the victims during Google Hangouts conversations.  At least one victim, a boy who lived in the Philippines, received money from Frederick in exchange for his participation in the Google Hangout, as revealed in chat messages between Frederick and the victim.  In the plea agreement, Frederick admitted that he had done this with at least 35 victims. 

minors engaged in sexual acts

The Department of Justice statement does not give any details about how authorities first became aware of Frederick’s illegal activities except to say that Homeland Security Investigations played a role in investigating this matter.  Many investigations involving the distribution of exploitative images have begun when a content moderator notifies law enforcement that a user has uploaded or transmitted an illegal image or video.  This may not have been the case in the investigation against Frederick, though, since it does not appear that he distributed any of the illegal content to third parties.

Frederick, 51, will receive a sentence on March 14, 2022.  The crimes to which he has pleaded guilty carry a mandatory minimum sentence of 15 years in prison and a maximum sentence of life in prison.

Contact the Manshoory Law Group About Sex Crimes Defense

A Los Angeles criminal defense lawyer can help you if you are being accused of possessing, producing, or purchasing illegal images depicting the exploitation of minors.  Your initial consultation is always free, so contact us at the Manshoory Law Group in Los Angeles, California, or call (877)977-7750 to discuss your case.

Jury Convicts 1-800-GET-THIN Doctor of Defrauding Health Insurance Companies Out of Hundreds of Millions of Dollars

Jury Convicts 1-800-GET-THIN Doctor of Defrauding Health Insurance Companies Out of Hundreds of Millions of Dollars

In 1999, when the singer Carnie Wilson broadcast her gastric bypass surgery live on the Internet, the public’s reaction was “only in Los Angeles.”  22 years later, everyone broadcasts their weight loss journey on the Internet, and gastric bypass surgeries are among the less gruesome sights you will see if you idly scroll through videos on YouTube or Facebook.  More importantly, weight loss surgery has become just a normal part of medicine. 

You don’t have to be a celebrity to have a gastric bypass; in fact, many health insurance companies cover it, including the notoriously stingy Tricare.  Insurance companies will only cover the procedure if it is medically necessary, meaning that the patient already has, or is at high risk of developing, other obesity-associated conditions that require equally costly treatment over the patient’s lifetime, such as cardiovascular disease, type II diabetes, or fatty liver disease.  One such qualifying condition is obstructive sleep apnea, which can be life-threatening if untreated; to diagnose a patient with obstructive sleep apnea, doctors must conduct a sleep study. 

It is obvious to anyone who has spent more than ten seconds in Los Angeles that the weight loss industry is big business.  This month, one of L.A.’s superstar weight loss doctors was convicted of health care fraud for billing health insurance companies more than $300 million for medically unnecessary sleep studies and weight-loss surgeries.  If you are facing criminal charges for healthcare fraud, contact a Los Angeles fraud crimes defense lawyer.

Julian Omidi Convicted of Mail Fraud, Wire Fraud, Making False Statements, and Money Laundering

Anyone who has visited Los Angeles has seen the billboards for the 1-800-GET-THIN network of weight loss clinics; Julian Omidi’s face is familiar from these billboards.  The 1-800-GET-THIN clinics have attracted their share of controversy; for example, Omidi’s medical license was revoked in 2009 after several patients died from complications of weight loss surgery.  Even after the revocation of his medical license, Omidi remained involved with the business aspects of 1-800-GET-THIN.

Omidi was arrested in 2018 and charged with 28 counts of mail fraud, three counts of wire fraud, two counts each of money laundering and making false statements, and one count of aggravated identity theft.  The charges stem from Omidi’s role in billing insurance companies for expensive sleep studies to determine patients’ eligibility for weight loss surgery.  In some cases, the sleep studies were medically unnecessary, as the patients had no symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea. 

In other cases, Omidi ordered sleep studies for patients whose insurance plans do not cover weight loss surgery under any circumstances.  In some instances, Omidi falsified patients’ medical records to make them appear eligible for weight loss surgery.  By the time of his arrest, insurance companies had suffered a total of $355 million in losses due to his fraudulent claims.

Omidi and a co-defendant, Mirali Zarrabi, both pleaded not guilty.  Whereas Zarrabi was acquitted, Omidi, whose age news reports give variously as 53 and 58, was convicted on all counts.  His sentencing hearing will take place in April 2022.  He could face a maximum of 20 years in federal prison.  The identity theft charge carries a mandatory minimum sentence of two years and cannot be served concurrently with any other sentences.

Contact Manshoory Law Group About Fraud Crimes Defense

A Los Angeles criminal defense lawyer can help you if you are being accused of defrauding health insurance companies.  Your initial consultation is always free, so contact us at Manshoory Law Group in Los Angeles, California, or call (877)977-7750 to discuss your case.

Woman Accused of Stealing More Than $300,000 of Merchandise From Discount Department Stores

Woman Accused of Stealing More Than $300,000 of Merchandise From Discount Department Stores

Shopping online is convenient, but often there is a side you don’t see to the stuff you buy from the Internet.  Ecommerce boutiques where every item comes with a thank you note signed by the person who crafted the item are the exception to the rule.  It’s possible to buy consumer products dirt cheap on Amazon and similar sites, but those leggings or scented candles you are buying for pennies could be someone’s desperate attempt to recoup their losses after a failed multi-level marketing venture. 

Even worse, the consumer goods you are buying for chump change could be stolen merchandise.  An Orange County woman is currently facing felony charges after allegedly stealing hundreds of thousands of dollars of merchandise from retail stores with the intention of reselling it online.  If you are facing criminal charges for stealing merchandise from stores, contact a Los Angeles theft crimes defense lawyer.

When Is Retail Theft a Felony?

Stealing from retail stores seems harmless compared to, for example, stealing valuable items from people’s houses or cars, but the criminal penalties for theft depend as much on the value of the items stolen as on where they were before you stole them.  If you steal many thousands of dollars of merchandise from a retail store, you could get felony charges, and if you are convicted, you could get a prison sentence.

For example, Ekaterina Zharkova from Costa Mesa could face a sentence of nine years and two months in prison if she is convicted of all the charges against her; she has been charged with four felony counts of grand theft, seven misdemeanor counts of petty theft, and one felony count of receiving stolen property. 

In the weeks leading up to Thanksgiving, she went to several TJ Maxx and Nordstrom Rack stores in Orange County, entering the store with empty shopping bags and leaving with the bags full but without paying.  On November 23, she got caught walking out of a Nordstrom Rack store with merchandise she had not paid for, and she posted her $60,000 bail two days later.

Prosecutors allege that Zharkova stole approximately $328,000 of merchandise bearing brand names such as Gucci, Prada, and Jimmy Choo.  She would allegedly resell the stolen items on high-end consignment websites.  This is not Zharkova’s only pending case, though.   She also has other grand theft cases in Los Angeles and Orange County, as well as possession of burglary tools case.  Regarding the latter case, she missed a scheduled court appearance on December 10, and there is currently a warrant out for her arrest.

Contact the Manshoory Law Group About Theft Crimes Defense

A Los Angeles criminal defense lawyer can help you if you are being accused of petty theft, grand theft, or receipt of stolen property.  Your initial consultation is always free, so contact us at Manshoory Law Group in Los Angeles, California, or call (877)977-7750 to discuss your case.


How Long After Being Charged Does it Take to Go to Court?

How Long After Being Charged Does it Take to Go to Court?

If you have been charged with a felony or misdemeanor, you will have to go to court for arraignment. Depending on what happens during and after your arraignment, you may not need to go to court for trial if the case is dismissed.

What Happens if You Fail to Attend Court?

If you fail to attend a required court date, you can be charged with Failure to Appear (CA Penal Code 1320 & 1320.5). The judge will issue a bench warrant, and you will be arrested and brought to court. Failure to Appear can be a misdemeanor or felony, depending on what you were originally charged with.

As a misdemeanor, failing to show up at court can add six months in county jail and $1,000 in fines to the penalties you are already facing. As a felony, it can result in up to three years in prison and fines of up to $10,000, in addition to any penalties you receive in connection with the existing charges.

You cannot be taken to trial in court without first being charged with a crime and having an arraignment where you hear the charges against you and enter your plea.

how long after being charged does it take to go to court

How Long After Being Charged Does it Take to Go to Court?

Although you may (or may not) have been told the charges against you beforehand, technically you have not been charged with anything until your arraignment. From this point, you have a right to a speedy trial under both the Sixth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution and Article I, Section 15, of the California Constitution. You also have the ability to waive this right.

What is considered a speedy trial depends on whether you are being charged with a misdemeanor or felony, and whether you are held in custody between your arrest and arraignment.

How Long Does it Take to Get a Court Date For a Misdemeanor?

In the case of misdemeanor charges, you have a right to go to trial within 30 to 45 days of being formally charged. If you were held in custody after your arrest, your arraignment has to happen within 48 hours of the arrest. If you were released after the arrest, your trial must take place within about 10 days.

How Long Does it Take to Get a Court Date For a Felony?

For felony cases, you have the right to go to trial within 60 days of being charged. If you were released or bailed out after your arrest, it can take weeks or in some cases months to be formally charged at an arraignment. If you were held in custody, the arraignment must still happen within 48 hours.

how long does it take to go to court

What Happens at an Arraignment?

The arraignment is your first court appearance after getting arrested. At your arraignment, a judge will tell you what the charges against you are and what your constitutional rights are.

You will also respond to the charges by entering a plea, such as guilty or not guilty, although these are not the only pleas you can enter. After you have entered your plea, the judge will decide whether you should be held in jail until your trial.

At this stage, you can be released on your own recognizance until the date of the trial, or the judge can set a bail amount that must be posted for you to be released from jail, or they can refuse to set bail. This decision will be based on the nature of your charges and whether you are deemed a risk to the community, and whether you are deemed likely to run away.

The advice of an expert criminal defense attorney can help you reduce the amount of time you spend in jail while you are waiting for your arraignment and trial, as well as improve the outcomes of these court dates. If you have been charged, or are about to be charged, with an offense, contact us today for a free case analysis.

Yes, You Can Get a DUI After Drinking Just One Glass of Wine

Yes, You Can Get a DUI After Drinking Just One Glass of Wine

In California, as in most other states, you can get charged with driving under the influence (DUI) if your blood alcohol content (BAC) is 0.08 percent or higher.  If your BAC is well above that limit, the penalties will probably be more serious than if your BAC is just slightly above 0.08, even if you do not cause an accident.  If you are drunk enough to make a driving mistake egregious enough for the police to notice it, then you are drunk enough to get a DUI. 

In some cases, drinking just one alcoholic beverage is enough to put your BAC over the legal limit.  It depends on how strong the drink was, your body weight, whether you consumed it with food or on an empty stomach, and how much time passed between the time you finished drinking and the time you started driving.  If you drink vodka and cranberry juice that resembles the color of a California sunrise more than the color of a ruby, you are plenty drunk to get a DUI.  If you are facing criminal charges for drunk driving, contact a Los Angeles DUI defense lawyer.

PK Kemsley Gets Arrested for Driving With BAC Just Above the Legal Limit

Paul “PK” Kemsley is a household name in Britain because of his association with the Tottenham Hotspurs football club and with the British version of the reality show The Apprentice, but American audiences know him best because of another reality show; his wife Dorit Kemsley is a main cast member on The Real Housewives of Beverly Hills.

One evening in November 2021, Kemsley ate dinner at a restaurant with a business colleague, where he drank a glass of wine with dinner.  After he left the restaurant, he was driving home on the 101, and a police officer pulled him over; the Page Six celebrity news website did not specify why the officer decided to conduct the traffic stop. 

Kemsley took a breathalyzer test, which recorded his BAC as 0.081, just slightly above the legal limit.  The officer arrested him for DUI and took him to the police station.  Authorities administered another breathalyzer test once Kemsley arrived at the station; this time, his BAC was 0.073, which is below the legal limit. A member of the California Highway Patrol then drove him home.

Kemsley, 54, had never been arrested for DUI or for any other offense prior to this incident.  He is a prime candidate for pretrial diversion, where he can get his charges dropped if he complies with the requirements.  He may not even get criminal charges at all.

Contact the Manshoory Law Group About DUI Defense

A Los Angeles criminal defense lawyer can help you if you are being accused of DUI after a traffic stop where a breathalyzer test showed your BAC as above 0.08, or where you refused a breathalyzer test.  Your initial consultation is always free, so contact us at Manshoory Law Group in Los Angeles, California, or call (877)977-7750 to discuss your case.

Youtuber Shadman Arrested for Assault with a Deadly Weapon in Los Angeles

Youtuber Shadman Arrested for Assault with a Deadly Weapon in Los Angeles

Since the days of America Online in the 1990s or even its predecessors the text-only bulletin board systems that tied up the phone lines of fun-loving nerds for hours on end in the 1980s, conventional wisdom has always dictated that you should not reveal your true identity online.  This has led both to people saying and doing horrible things online behind the veil of pseudonymity as well as to friendships, or at least to friendly fan relationships, among people who do not know each other’s real names. 

When an influencer or other social media star gets accused of a crime, though, the speculation about it often involves connecting a real name, present on the arrest record or arrest warrant, to the online pseudonym.  Whether you have thousands of followers on social media or zero, you have the right to representation by a Los Angeles violent crimes defense lawyer if you get charged with assault or another violent crime.

The Rise and Fall of Shadman

A graphic artist who goes by the name Shadman has been posting his drawings online since 2009, and the consensus is that he is Shaddai Prejean, who was born in Switzerland and is now 31 years old.  Shadman, who always wears a face-covering in his videos, is no stranger to controversy.  He has attracted criticism for his sexually suggestive drawings of popular animated characters and public figures, so much so that he removed the most controversial content from his site in 2019.

Today, Prejean is facing legal trouble.  In late October 2021, he was arrested in Los Angeles County after an altercation.  He is now facing criminal charges for assault with a deadly weapon, but few other details about the incident are available on news sites.

Assault With a Deadly Weapon Charges in California

You can get criminal charges for assault with a deadly weapon if you injure or attempt to injure someone with a weapon such as a firearm or a knife.  The charge applies whether or not the victim actually suffers bodily injury.  Assault with a deadly weapon is a felony, punishable by up to four years in state prison, or else by a year in jail and a $1,000 fine.

Any of several defenses might apply.  You might argue that you assaulted someone but did not have a weapon.  In other cases, you might argue that you used the weapon by accident or that you acted in self-defense.  Your criminal defense lawyer can help you decide which defense to use or whether you should seek a plea deal.

Contact the Manshoory Law Group About Accusations of Assault With a Deadly Weapon

A Los Angeles criminal defense lawyer can help you if you are being accused of assault with a deadly weapon or another kind of criminal offense that involves violence or bodily injury.  Your initial consultation is always free, so contact us at Manshoory Law Group in Los Angeles, California, or call (877)977-7750 to discuss your case.

How Long Does A DUI Stay on Your Record in California?

How Long Does A DUI Stay on Your Record in California?

How Long Does a DUI Stay on Your Criminal and Driving Record?

If you are convicted of a DUI in California, the conviction will go on both your driving record and your criminal record. In California, a DUI will stay on your driving record for 10 years. This period starts from the date of your arrest, rather than the date of your conviction.

This can affect decisions that the DMV makes about whether to suspend, revoke or reinstate your driving license. Insurance companies will also be able to see a DUI on your driving record and can increase your rates as a result.

A California DUI conviction will stay on your criminal record permanently. However, in some cases, you can get a DUI expunged from your record once you have paid any fines, served your custodial sentence, or completed your probation period.

Passing a background check with a DUI on your record can be difficult. If you get convicted of a DUI in California, the conviction can show up on a background check for up to ten years. A background check can also reveal any charges related to a DUI, such as convictions for refusing a BAC test after a DUI arrest or other impaired driving offenses.

However, whether you already have a DUI on your record or you are facing a possible conviction, a Los Angeles DUI attorney may be able to help you.

How Long Does a DUI Stay on Your Criminal and Driving Record?

How to Remove DUI From a Driving Record?

You cannot remove a DUI from your driving record in California. After 10 years, it will be removed from your record. Until then, it could appear in background checks if your employer decides to check your driving record as well as your criminal record.

You can request public record sites to take down information about you, but it will still be available in public data archives.

How to Remove DUI From a Criminal Record?

A DUI conviction can be removed from your criminal record under certain conditions. This is called an expungement.

The conviction can be expunged from your record if you meet the following criteria:

  • You have completed all penalties given for your DUI conviction, such as completing probation and paying fines
  • You did not have to spend time in state prison for the conviction
  • You are not currently facing the possibility of any other criminal convictions

While an expunged DUI conviction usually does not show up on a criminal background check, some will report that a conviction has been expunged from your record.

Expunging your DUI conviction can help you get a job or an apartment. If you have a DUI conviction on your record or are facing a DUI charge in California, contact our attorneys for expert legal advice to get you the best outcome.

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